Diario Militar: six retired military officers are indicted

Lourdes Arana wrote in La Hora, on the 9th June, on the latest note on the Diario Militar case where retired members of the armed forces were brought to court in relation to the ‘Death Squad Dossier’ (Diario Militar) case.


The Highest Risk Judge “B”, Miguel Ángel Gálvez, decided to indict six retired military officers to criminal proceedings to the Diario Militar case, for the possible commission of crimes against humanity, murder, attempted murder and forced disappearance.

The six detainees will remain in provisional detention in the Mariscal Zavala prison and it will be this Thursday, 10th, 8:30 a.m., when it will be discussed whether they can opt for house arrest and other alternative measures.

The judge considered that the evidence presented by the Human Rights Prosecutor’s Office of the Public Prosecutor’s Office (MP) is sufficient to continue with the investigation against those involved:

The following were indicted:

1. José Daniel Monterroso Villagrán, for crimes against humanity and forced disappearance, committed against Rubén Amílcar Farfán.

2. Edgar Virgilio de León Cifuentes, for crimes humanity and forced disappearance, committed against Rubén Amílcar Farfán.

3. Enrique Cifuentes de la Cruz, for crimes humanity, forced disappearance, murder and attempted murder, committed against Rosa María Castillo Samayoa, Óscar Leonel Velásquez Bautista, Amílcar Bladimir Orozco Orozco, Víctor René López Pérez, Arnoldo José López Pérez, Santiago Rodríguez Melgar, Jorge Alfonso Gregorio Velásquez Soto, Mario Girón Ruano, Roberto Manuel de León Escobar, Alma Lucrecia Osorio Bobadilla, Jorge Mauricio Gatica Paz, Julio César Pereira Vásquez, Amancio Samuel Villatoro, Juan Pablo Arguira López, Álvaro René Sosa Ramos, Mario Enrique Chávez Ovalle and Silvio Matricardi Salán.

4. Jacobo Salán Sánchez, for crimes against humanity, forced disappearance, murder and attempted murder committed against Amancio Samuel Villatoro, Juan Pablo Arguira López, Mario Enrique Chávez Ovalle, Silvio Matricardi Salán, Rubén Amílcar Farfán, Gustavo Adolfo Meza Soberanis and Mayra Jeanette Meza Soberanis.

5. Rone René Lara, for crimes against humanity and attempted murder committed against Álvaro René Sosa Ramos.

6. Édgar Corado Samayoa, for crimes against humanity, forced disappearance, murder and attempted murder, committed against Rosa María Castillo Samayoa, Óscar Leonel Velásquez Bautista, Amílcar Bladimir Orozco, Víctor René López Pérez, Arnoldo José López Pérez, Santiago Rodríguez Melgar, Jorge Alfonso Gregorio Velásquez Soto, Marvin Girón Ruano, Héctor De León Escobar, Alma Lucrecia Osorio Bobadilla, Amancio Samuel Villatoro, Juan Pablo Arguira López, Álvaro René Sosa Ramos, Mario Enrique Chávez Ovalle and Silvio Matricardi Salán.

Testimonies of survivors and former workers

Before ruling, Judge Miguel Angel Galvez considered the testimonies presented by the Public Prosecutor’s Office (MP), specifically the statements of the surviving victims and former members of the General Defence Staff during the 1980s.

Background

Last May 27th, the MP made known the investigation of the case called Diario Militar, or ‘Death Squad Dossier’, which seeks to establish the chronological way in which the State security forces, between 1983 and 1985, kidnapped, transferred to clandestine detention centres, tortured, sexually assaulted and executed more than 183 people considered internal enemies based on the understanding of the military manuals and plans of the time, according to the Prosecutor’s Office.

Many of the victims were not related to the ‘Rebel Armed Forces’ (Fuerzas Armadas Rebeldes – FAR), however, they were considered enemies of the State, for having a different mindset from those of the Government in power, and were therefore considered a threat, added the Public Prosecutor’s Office in its argumentation in the case file.


You can read the full note, in Spanish, here Diario Militar: seis militares retirados son ligados a proceso.

You can follow on twitter with the hashtag #CasoDiarioMilitar and can get more background to the case here, Eleven Former Members of the Military Arrested for Crimes against Humanity in the Death Squad Diary Case.

Errors in translation are mine.



Categories: Genocide, Guatemala, Human Rights, Impunity, Indigenous peoples, Justice, Legal, Military, Violence

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